Grazing

DSCF4617 Ethel Jane Bergmeier
4 – 2- 1893
daughter of
Henry and Ann Bergmeier
Bass

‘A Dear little girl’

This grave marker is at Corinella Cemetery in South Gippsland, Victoria, Australia.

Very little is known of Ethel’s life, although Ancestry records say that she was born in May 1891, which means that she was not quite 2 when she died. She was one of 9 children born to Henry and Annie (nee Chinn) and the only one to not survive infancy.

What is interesting about Ethel’s grave marker is that it is surrounded by a wire cage. In some parts of the world, and particularly in nineteenth century England, heavy iron cages were built around graves to protect them from grave robbers. These were known as mortsafes. However, grave robbing was never a threat in country Australia, but damage to graves from grazing animals was. Wire cages and fences were often erected to stop damage to the grave from cattle and sheep. South Gippsland is still today a rural area with many cattle, although the cemeteries and properties are now all fenced.

The plaque is obviously a relatively new addition, as it’s been laser-cut from metal.

RIP Ethel

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A. B. Facey

DSCF4878WK4915 Private
A.B. FACEY
2/4 MACHINE GUN BATTALION
15TH FEBRUARY 1942 AGE 23
HE DIED THAT WE MAY LIVE
IN PEACE

OUR HERO “BARNEY”

This grave marker is at the Kranji War Memorial in Singapore.  The cemetery houses military graves predominantly from the Second World War, although there are three from the First World War. there’s also a section of graves that were relocated from a British military cemetery.

This grave marker caught my attention because of the name – A.B. Facey. An A.B. Facey (“Bert) wrote a very famous autobiography called A Fortunate Life. I knew that this couldn’t have been Bert’s grave as he wrote the book in the 1980s but was curious to see if this was a relative.

It was his eldest son – Barney. I’ll leave it up to Bert to tell the rest of the story:

“When Singapore fell Barney was reported missing and we didn’t hear anything of him until just before the war ended – nearly four years….. I don’t know how we got through the four years that Barney was missing….We would have given anything just to find out something…. Then on May twenty-third 1945….I received word that Barney had been killed on February fifteenth 1942 during the fall of Singapore to the Japanese. He was driving a truck when it was bombed in an air attack. It received a direct hit, killing Barney and four others. He was twenty-three.”

RIP    A.B. “Barney” Facey

Karayuki-san

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In the centre of suburban Singapore, overlooked by three-storey houses, is the Japanese Cemetery Park. The cemetery dates from 1891 when Tagajiro Futaki, a Japanese brothel and rubber plantation owner, established the cemetery as a final resting place for the poor and destitute Japanese prostitutes called karayuki-san.

Japan once had a long history of poor rural families who sent their daughters overseas to work as prostitutes in order for the family to survive. Karayuki-san literally translates as ‘going to China’ or ‘going overseas’. During the late-nineteenth and early twentieth centuries this was a not uncommon future for girls born into poor, rural families. It is quite common in areas throughout Asia to find a cemetery near to where the karayuki-san lived and worked, which is evidence of the difficult life these women must have lead. A Japanese traveler recorded in 1917 of a visit to several karayuki cemeteries that the grave markers recorded most of the ladies as having died early – aged 17 or 18.

The karayuki-san in Singapore typically received a wooden marker over their grave. The tropical humidity is not kind to wood, causing it to rot very quickly. Over time many of the wooden grave markers have been replaced with stone, which copes much better with the humid conditions. Much of this work was done by the Kyosaiki, or the Mutual Self-Help Society, which was a charitable organisation run by ex-karayuki-san.

I’m unable to read Japanese so I can’t translate the grave marker inscriptions but most don’t record the birth name of the girl interred under it. Rather it records the Japanese Buddhist name they were accorded at their death.

In a country that routinely exhumes graves and re-purposes cemeteries it’s heart-warming to see that women who were forgotten in life are allowed to rest in peace in death.

Ancestors

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Sacred to the memory
of
SARAH DIPLOCK
wife of JEREMIAH DIPLOCK
who died Sept. 14th
1860
aged 51 years

————-

also of
JEREMIAH DIPLOCK
who died the 30th of June 1859
aged 9 years

————–

and of
LOUISA DIPLOCK
who died the 28th of August 1854
aged 2 years

————-

also
JEREMIAH DIPLOCK
who died 18th June 1885
aged 86 years

————-

also
CHARLOTTE DIPLOCK
who died 18th Sept 1902
aged 60 years

***************************

The grave of Sarah (nee Pepperill) and Jeremiah Diplock and three of their children is in the Wollombi Cemetery in New South Wales. There are several other graves belonging to other Diplock’s, which possibly indicates that this was a family plot. It’s the first grave that I have intentionally set out to find as Sarah and Jeremiah are my paternal great-great-great grandparents. Despite spending most of my childhood in the neighbouring town I never knew that my ancestors were early settlers of the area, probably because cemeteries and family history aren’t all that important when your young. I admit that when I located the grave I choked up with emotion and I may have introduced myself to them………..

Jeremiah Diplock was born in 1798 is Sussex, England and came to Australia onboard the Coromandel in 1819 as punishment for being found guilty of burgling the house of Richard Verral. On arrival in New South Wales Jeremiah was sent to work at Windsor and the convict indents show that in 1825 he was working with the clearing party of William Hovell at Minto. After serving his 7 year term Jeremiah had his Ticket of Freedom granted in 1826. The 1828 census records that Jeremiah was then working on the property of Alexander Livingstone, which was on the banks of the Paterson River.

Sarah Pepperill was born around 1809 is Essex, England and by 1830 she was working for William Mantle as a servant at the Catherine Wheel public house at New Brentford. She was charged in April that year of stealing 9 sovereigns from her employer, but stated that she happened upon a purse containing money on the steps of a nearby house. Whilst a constable William Durban testified that a Mr Powell did indeed lose a purse containing a sum of money around the time the judge found Sarah guilty of theft and sentenced her to 7 years transportation.

Sarah sailed to New South Wales onboard the Earl of Liverpool and arrived in Sydney on April 17, 1831. Sarah spent 11 days in Sydney Gaol before she boarded the Caledonia, which would take her via a night’s stay in Newcastle Gaol, up river and into the service of Alexander Livingstone where she met Jeremiah.

Within five months Sarah and Jeremiah had lodged an application to marry, which was granted and the couple married in Maitland on October 24, 1831. Marriage for a female convict effectively transferred their ‘ownership’ from their employer to their husband, so quick marriage was an attractive option for female convicts. Additionally, the government was keen to populate the colony and encouraged marriage between convicts.

About the time of their marriage Jeremiah began a new career as a cattle rustler.  A letter dated 15th February 1843 written by the Police Magistrate refers to Jeremiah as being ‘The Captain of the Blue Company…(a) notorious gang that so long infested the Williams and Paterson (Rivers)’. The gang would steal cattle from the upper Hunter and Wollombi areas and conceal them around Dora Creek.

In 1843 Jeremiah applied for a land grant but this was turned down as a result of his cattle rustling. He continued to apply for land grants and was finally granted 100 acres near Wollombi in 1853 and from this point Jeremiah seems to have left his criminal past behind hin in favour of respectable land ownership.

Jeremiah and Sarah had 7 daughters and 2 sons. After Sarah’s death Jeremiah was taken care of by his daughter Charlotte, who is the final burial in this grave.

RIP Diplock family.

Same Sex Grave

1025957_10152923745131552_7106389068356719703_oKarl Lubcke
Oct. 1980.

Gerry Cummins
Oct. 1978

Together with everlasting friendship, love & trust.
Deep waters,
Cannot quench
Love.
Nor floods,
Sweep it
Away

**************************

The clasped hands initially drew me to this grave marker in the Cowes Cemetery on Phillip Island. The clasped hands were a popular symbol on Victorian-era grave markers and symbolised reunion of a couple in heaven. I had never seen a modern grave marker with the clasped hands symbolism and when I walked closer I realised that the two hands were both male. In Victorian times there was always one male hand and one female hand, which was finer and had a lacy shirt cuff, so this is certainly a real twist on Victorian era symbolism!

What also surprised me was that the grave is in country Victoria, Australia, and that it was erected in the early 1980s, which is not a place nor a time I would typically have thought of as particularly liberal minded. However, I’m thrilled that my preconceptions on country Australia’s attitude toward same sex relationships in this era have been proved wrong.

I’ve not been able to find a great deal about Karl and Gerry beyond electoral roll records, which record them as residing at separate addresses, but their joint grave is testament to the bond they must have shared.

RIP Karl and Gerry

Crowded Grave

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In Loving Memory of

Mary Strickland
Died 3rd May 1860. Aged 77 years.

 

Mary Ann Thomas
Died 3rd Aug: 1876. Aged 88 years.

 
Henry Robert Strickland
Arrived in the ship ‘Hoogly’ Feby. 12th 1830
Died July 9th 1907, Aged 86 years

Mary Ann Strickland
Arrived in the ship Parmelia June 1st 1829,
Died Jany. 4th 1908 Aged 88 years

Ellen Strickland
Died 5th April 1856, Aged 15 months.

Two Infant Sons of H.R. Strickland
Died 3rd Jany. 1873 & 7th Feby 1874.

Clara Strickland
Died 22nd April 1875, Aged 28 years.

David Strickland
Died 2nd May 1878, aged 25 years.

George Samuel Strickland
Died 5th Dec. 1883, aged 7 months.

Hubert Cecil Strickland
Died 1st April 1884. Aged 4 years.

Thomas Campbell Carey
Died 4th Sept. 1884. Aged 51 years.

W.H. John Strickland
Died 24th June 1887. Aged 7 days.

Emma Constance Strickland
Died 16th Oct. 1892. Aged 29 years.

Lancelot Strickland Wilson
Died 18th Nov. 1892. Aged 37 days.

Dorothy Baston
Died 3rd Oct. 1896. Aged 19 months.

Talbot Gordon Wilson
Died 8th Dec. 1896. Aged 5 years.

Ernest H.R. Strickland
Died 20th Sep: 1902. Aged 32 years.

Alvyna Strickland
Died 30th Nov: 1904. Aged 42 years.

Gladys May Strickland
Died 13th March 1905. Aged 2 years.

Barbara Manning
Died 29th April 1905. Aged 52 years.

Ursula May Strickland
Died 16th Aug. 1905. Aged 26 years.

Frederick C. Strickland
Died 22nd Dec: 1905. Aged 4 1/2 months.

William Edward Strickland
Died April 6th 1906. Aged 34 years.

Martha Eliza Strickland
Died May 10th 1907. Aged 65 years.

**********************

This grave was memorable, obviously, because of the long list of people interred within it. Twenty-five names are listed, although some internet sources report that there are actually a couple more who never had their names included on the monument. I have no idea how so many people can be buried in what, from memory, was a double plot but it is possible that the original Strickland family grave extended beyond the area covered by the grave marker.

The last two people buried here are Henry Robert and Mary Ann Strickland, who traveled to Western Australia as children in the early days of the colony with their respective parents and siblings to become indentured servants as part of the Swan River settlement project of Thomas Peel. All but one of the names are related to Henry and Mary Strickland.

I haven’t tried to unravel much of their story beyond what is listed on the grave marker. However, what the grave marker does show is just how hard life was in colonial Australia. Henry and Mary were the last burials in the plot but they were pre-deceased by their mothers, seven of their children, nine of their grandchildren and three daughters-in-law. Pre-Twentieth Century the most likely time for a person to die was before their fifth birthday and this grave marker with it’s startling number of young deaths is testament to that statistic.

RIP Strickland family

Triple Tragedy: Childbirth, Infancy & War

 

DSCF4575In
Loving Memory
of
FLORENCE
beloved wife of
WILLIAM HERBERT PADFIELD
who fell asleep 3rd August 1914
aged 24 years
Her sun went down while it was yet day

and EDNA FLORENCE
darling daughter of the above
who died 11th Sept. 1914, aged 7 weeks
“Safe in the arms of Jesus,”

also
WILLIAM HERBERT PADFIELD
Killed in action at Zonnebeke, Belgium
4th Oct. 1917, aged 33 years.

At his request this stone was erected
to the memory of his wife.


They are not dead, but only sleeping
On the sweet refuge of their Master’s breast,
And far away from sorrow, toil & weeping,
They are not dead – but only taking rest.

DSCF4576The monument is a tall marble slab and is surrounded by an iron (?) fence that stands to about knee height. Some of the fence has come loose and has been placed on the grave. The monument is much larger and more elaborate than the other throughout Wonthaggi cemetery and as such immediately drew my attention.

The story of the Padfield family has been pieced together using records available on the Ancestry website and the war record of William Padfield, which provides a touching insight into the erection of the grave marker.

**********

William Herbert Padfield married Florence Louisa Sparrow in 1910 at Saint James, Trowbridge, England. The grave says that Florence was 24 when she died in 1914 so she must have been approximately 20 when she married Herb*. When Herb joins the AIF in 1914 he states he is 30, so he would have been approximately 26 when they married. An entry on the Ancestry site records Herb and Florence emigrating to Australia in December, 1913 although I have been unable to verify this but what is known is that sometime between their marriage in 1910 and Florence’s death in 1914 the couple moved to Wonthaggi in Victoria, Australia.

Their daughter, Edna Florence, was born in late July, 1914. Florence died of septicemia on August 3rd and Edna died from umbilicus cellulitis on September 11.

In December, 1914 Herb voluntarily enlisted with the AIF to fight in the First World War. He was in the first wave of enlistments and embarked for the war on 2 February, 1915 onboard the HMAT Clan McGillivray, part of the reinforcements for the 6th Battalion. The 6th Battalion was part of the second wave of the Gallipoli landing on April 25 and also was involved in the battle of Lone Pine. On the long list of names and marital status on the Embarkation Rolls for his ship Herb is the only man with a ‘W’ (for widower) amongst all of the S (for single) and M (for married).

In July he fell ill and spent some time on hospital ships, but rejoined his battalion at ANZAC in August. By September, Herb was ill with dysentery and then enteric fever. He spent time in army hospitals in Egypt before  he was shipped back to Australia to rest and recover June, 1916. Returning to Australia for a few months of rest and recuperation was a relatively common treatment for diseases such as enteric fever during the First World War. This practice relieved the strain on the overloaded army hospitals and also helped to fill up the troop ships that typically returned to Australia virtually empty.

Most men never returned to the front but after recovering his health in Australia William Padfield headed back to the fighting in July, 1916. By this time the fighting had moved to the hell of the Western Front in France and Belgium. Herb transferred to the 14th Battalion (but later transferred back to the 6th) and in October was admitted to hospital with a “self-inflicted wound” to his ankle. Despite the dramatic wording on his war service record the “wound” was “self-inflicted” was a sprained ankle from playing football, which would trouble him for the remainder of his war service. Two further hospital admissions for a sprained ankle note that “he was in no way to blame”.

Sadly, William Herbert Padfield died in battle on October 4th, 1917 in Zonnebeke, which saw intense fighting during the First World War. His war service records, which are viewable online at the National Archives of Australia reveal a few details about his death, and also let us know that his sister called him ‘Herb’ and his soldier mates called him ‘Pad’. A couple of witnesses recall seeing him injured to the head during the fighting. Private Wilson, a stretcher bearer, states that he bandaged Herb’s head and put him in a shell hole, but when he returned two hours later he couldn’t find Herb. Private D Gray states that he was behind Herb as they headed to the front line “when a high explosive shell exploded near him, a piece entering his head and mortally wounding him.” William Herbert Padfield’s body was never found so his name appears on the Menin Gate in Ypres, along side the other 54388 Allied soldiers whose remains were never recovered.

Herb’s war service records reveal one other interesting fact that is alluded to on the grave marker at Wonthaggi cemetery. His sister, Rosina, was listed on his attestation papers as his next-of-kin but, sadly, she was put through the wringer by the powers that be to gain access to Herb’s army pay despite being named on his Will. In an effort to prove her entitlement Rosina provided the army with the following extract of a letter that Herb wrote:

My Dear Sister,
…..If I should not come back to Australia you must draw all my Pay. Then spend one half of it as you think best in the Cemetery, and divide the rest equally between you and Pam or in the event of anything happening to her you it yourself….
Your Loving Brother,
Herb

 

RIP Florence, Edna and Herb

* William Herbert calls himself Herb in his war records.